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Who Is Roman Protasevich, the Opposition Journalist?

It has all of the parts of a Jason Bourne plot: A business flight carrying a dissident journalist is intercepted by a MiG-29 fighter jet below orders from the strongman president of Belarus.

This protagonist could be very a lot actual. His identify is Roman Protasevich, and on Sunday, he drew worldwide consideration as a result of the Belarusian authorities and its authoritarian chief went to extraordinary lengths to cease him.

Mr. Protasevich, 26, was touring by business airline from Athens to Vilnius, Lithuania, when the Belarusian air pressure scrambled a fighter jet. The flight, on the Irish airline Ryanair, was diverted to Minsk, the capital of Belarus, the place the millennial opposition determine was taken into custody.

The extensively condemned tactic was the newest try by Aleksandr G. Lukashenko, the nation’s authoritarian chief, to suppress the influential voice of Mr. Protasevich.

There are few remaining sources of unbiased information in Belarus, the place most media retailers had been pressured to close down after widespread protests over a disputed presidential election in 2020.

Mr. Protasevich is a co-founder and a former editor of the NEXTA channel on the social media platform Telegram, which has turn out to be a preferred conduit for Mr. Lukashenko’s foes to share data and arrange demonstrations in opposition to the authorities.

He fled the nation in 2019, fearing arrest. But he has continued to roil Mr. Lukashenko’s regime whereas residing in exile in Lithuania, a lot in order that he was charged in November with inciting public dysfunction and social hatred.

As a teen, Mr. Protasevich grew to become a dissident, first drawing scrutiny from legislation enforcement. He was expelled from a prestigious faculty for collaborating in a protest rally in 2011 and later was expelled from the journalism program of the Minsk State University.

Mr. Protasevich was returning to Vilnius from an financial convention in Greece with the Belarusian opposition chief Svetlana Tikhanovskaya, Greek officers stated.

The flight, which had been carrying some 170 passengers, ought to have taken about three hours. As it approached the border between Belarus and Lithuania, a MiG-29 fighter jet was scrambled to intercept it.

Mr. Lukashenko, who’s also known as “Europe’s last dictator,” personally ordered the fighter jet to escort the Ryanair airplane to the Minsk airport after a bomb risk, his press service stated. According to the assertion, Mr. Lukashenko, an ally of President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia, gave an “unequivocal order” to “make the plane do a U-turn and land.”

No bomb was discovered on board, the nation’s legislation enforcement authorities stated.

Antony J. Blinken, the U.S. secretary of state, sharply criticized the authorities of Belarus on Twitter on Sunday for its detention of Mr. Protasevich. He known as it a “brazen and shocking act to divert a commercial flight and arrest a journalist.”

“We demand an international investigation and are coordinating with our partners on next steps,” Mr. Blinken stated. “The United States stands with the people of Belarus.”

The authorities’s predominant safety company in Belarus, known as the Ok.G.B., positioned Mr. Protasevich’s identify on an inventory of terrorists. If he’s accused and convicted of terrorism, he may face the demise penalty.

The costs of inciting public dysfunction and social hatred carry a punishment of greater than 12 years in jail.