GENEVA — The United Nations human rights chief urged nations to take motion to root out systemic racism towards folks of African descent on Monday, as she launched a report calling for measures to dismantle discrimination and for sweeping modifications to policing, in addition to reparations.
“The status quo is untenable,” Michelle Bachelet, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, mentioned in an announcement. “Systemic racism needs a systemic response. There is today a momentous opportunity to achieve a turning point for racial equality and justice.”
The 20-page report and an accompanying 95-page convention paper draw on proof from 60 nations. Work on them began after the May 2020 loss of life of George Floyd, a Black man killed in Minnesota by a white police officer. Its launch comes days after the officer, Derek Chauvin, was sentenced to 22 and a half years in jail.
“We could not find a single example of a state that has fully reckoned with the past or comprehensively accounted for the impacts on the lives of people of African descent today,” mentioned Mona Rishmawi, who supervised the preparation of the report.
The United Nations human rights office, which ready the report, recommends creation of a fee or another physique with a one- or two-year mandate to scrutinize and monitor regulation enforcement.
It urges a reimagining of policing to tackle racial stereotyping, the militarization of weapons and techniques, and an absence of accountability.
The report attracts on interviews with greater than 340 folks and greater than 100 written submissions from civil society and educational organizations. It factors to widespread patterns of expertise for folks of African descent in Europe, Latin America and North America contending with poverty and with obstacles to schooling, well being care, jobs and political participation.
The report spotlights the deaths of 190 folks of African descent who died by the hands of law-enforcement officers, most of them within the United States, declaring that few of the victims posed a menace.
It analyzes seven emblematic circumstances, together with these involving Mr. Floyd and Breonna Taylor within the United States, along with circumstances from Brazil, Britain, Colombia and France. Only the loss of life of Mr. Floyd has resulted in police being held to account.
But the deaths recorded within the preparation of this report have been simply “the tip of the iceberg,” Ms. Rishmawi famous. She cited a mom in Latin America who protested “you always talk about George Floyd, every day we have a George Floyd and nobody talks about it.”
The report calls for reparations as a necessary step to addressing the struggling inflicted by slavery and colonialism. Monetary compensation was vital, the report mentioned, however reparations “should not only be equated with financial compensation.” They might additionally embrace formal acknowledgment and apologies, instructional reform and measures to commemorate the expertise of individuals of African descent, it mentioned.
Ms. Bachelet will current the report to the United Nations Human Rights Council subsequent month at the beginning of a debate that may take a look at the Biden administration’s willingness to have interaction on racism in a multilateral setting.
In a written assertion in Monday, the State Department mentioned it had acquired a duplicate of the report that it helps “the amplification of victims’ voices, as well as those of their families and communities in all countries.”
“The United States is committed to treating every person with dignity, upholding human rights, championing opportunity, defending freedom, and strengthening the rule of law,” the assertion mentioned. “We recognize that our country has not always lived up to these ideals, particularly for African Americans and other people of color.”
Lara Jakes contributed reporting from Washington.