Overcoming COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy – CBS News


Sometimes a cliché is excellent. The Sandtown neighborhood of West Baltimore, for instance, does appear like a struggle zone. 

Most of the residents are African American, and what which means, not simply right here however nationally, is that they’re being hospitalized and dying of COVID-19 at two to 3 occasions the rate of White Americans. Prison is an ideal breeding floor for the illness, however when ex-convicts come residence to Sandtown, they’re given a gentler euphemism: “Returning citizens.”

“We still have massive unemployment within the community. We have returning citizens,” the Reverend Derrick DeWitt stated.

DeWitt is a discipline marshal within the native struggle in opposition to poverty, illness and starvation.

  Reverend Derrick DeWitt speaks with Ted Koppel

“My church is located in a food desert. Seventy-four square blocks of Sandtown,” DeWitt informed Ted Koppel of “CBS Sunday Morning.” “We have about 109 establishments that sell alcohol. But we don’t have one single supermarket.”

Five thousand households a month are getting meals on the First Mount Calvary Baptist Church. Convincing those self same individuals to get vaccinated in opposition to COVID is extra difficult. Blame a few of that on the trash circulating on the web.

“There’s this conspiracy that Bill Gates has helped them to design a microchip that will be implanted in you as a result of the vaccination,” DeWitt stated.

Even extra harmful are the distortions of a real medical outrage. One headline claims to indicate authorities well being employees, clearly from a few years in the past, injecting southern rural Blacks with syphilis. Then, on the backside of the web page, the question: “Still want a corona vaccine?”

The authorities did not inject anybody with syphilis, however what did occur was, in some respects, even worse.

Dr. Reed Tuckson is co-founding father of the Black Coalition Against COVID-19, offering info concerning the vaccine.

“The Tuskegee study of untreated syphilis in African Americans began in the 1930’s,” Tuckson informed Koppel. “It was a study that was done without informed consent of the men and it was done in a way that watched to observe what would happen to those who already had syphilis and it was untreated … to see what the effects would be.”

Almost 50 years after it ended, the Tuskegee research stays a difficulty.

“Unfortunately, in the 1940s we had a drug called penicillin, which we knew was effective to treat this disease,” Tuckson stated. “And those men were denied access to it. The study went on for 40 years without anyone raising alarms or concerns.”

What occurred to these males?

“Unfortunately, two things: those men died because of the disease and became extremely ill for long, long periods of their life.” Tuckson stated. “And number two, because they were not told the disease they had, they spread that disease to the women in their lives, to their wives and lovers, who also got syphilis as a result.”

  Dr. Reed Tuckson

“No one was ever punished or held accountable … for this outrage,” Tuckson stated. “And that is a stain on America’s conscience.”

It has additionally had a lingering impression on the Black neighborhood’s confidence within the medical institution.

“And what is so outrageous today is that 40 years later the Tuskegee syphilis study experience continues to be the rate-limiting step in fighting this pandemic,” Tuckson stated.

“And then you couple all of that with the conspiracy theories that’s out there,” DeWitt stated. “When I talk to our … employees, it was everything. ‘I don’t know what’s in the vaccine. I don’t trust it. They developed it too fast. You know, they’re trying to make us sterile.’”

In addition to his ministry, the reverend runs a nursing residence.

“That nursing home was started by a group of pastors in the city as the Maryland Baptist Aged Home for Colored People in 1920,” DeWitt stated.

Nationwide, greater than 160,000 COVID deaths have occurred in nursing properties. All of which makes this nursing residence’s well being document that rather more exceptional.

“We’ve had no COVID infections amongst our staff or our residents, thank God,” DeWitt stated. “So we count that as a miracle and a blessing.”

It can also be the mark of a tricky, disciplined supervisor.

“We were extreme in our measures because we didn’t allow anybody in,” DeWitt stated. “Our residents didn’t go out unless it was an extreme emergency.”

But when time got here to vaccinate the workers: “I was surprised even at my nursing home, which has 42 employees. Our first vaccination clinic, we only had 11 employees take the vaccine,” DeWitt stated.

The reverend set the instance. He was the primary to be vaccinated. He talked to his workers one on one. He prayed with them.

“So that kinda helped,” DeWitt stated. “And then we had to get down to the point where, for the sake of our residents and the type of facility that we are, I’m not sure that I can guarantee your job if you don’t take the vaccine.”

All however two of his workers obtained the message — and the vaccine.

“We have not had to fire anybody,” DeWitt informed Koppel. “There is some discrepancies of whether or not we can mandate the vaccine.”

“But what you’re telling me is that we’ve now had COVID in this country for over a year,” Koppel stated. “And in that time you haven’t had a single case.”

“We haven’t had a single case,” DeWitt stated.

A. G. Rhodes operates three nonprofit nursing properties within the better Atlanta space. Over the previous year, 26 of their residents and 1 workers member have died from COVID. Jovonne Harvey is advertising and marketing director on the flagship facility.

“About 90% of the facility is probably African American,” Harvey informed Koppel.

“And when the patients first heard about the vaccine, what was the reaction?” Koppel requested.

“They welcomed it because they wanted to get back to their normal daily functions,” Harvey stated.

“And what about the staff, same thing?” Koppel requested.

Harvey stated they “weren’t as excited to receive the vaccine as the residents were.”

“You’re being very, very diplomatic,” Koppel stated. “They not only weren’t excited. They were resistant, weren’t they?”

“Yes, they were. They were very resistant,” Harvey stated. “I would say about, maybe 30% of the staff were prepared to take the vaccine.”

The company held a city meeting to handle their workers’ considerations. Harvey, who was initially hesitant herself, obtained the vaccine and was among the many first to assist unfold the message:

  Jovonne Harvey 

“So you were kind of the role model in some respects,” Koppel stated.

“I think it helped a lot,” Harvey stated.

Well, not a lot. The company even supplied incentives: paid time without work, bonuses of as much as $500. As of now, simply 48% of the workers has been vaccinated.

“It’s not great. But it is definitely a start,” Harvey stated.

“Jovonne, we’ve been in the clutches of this pandemic for over a year,” Koppel stated. “How much time do people need? We’ve got 450 some-odd thousand dead.”

“I know,” Harvey stated.

“What’s holding them back now?” Koppel requested.

“I just think it’s just overall fear,” Harvey stated. “They’re not sure which way to go.”

“I’ve heard both that young people are talking to the elders in their family and saying, ‘You really need to get the vaccine,’” Koppel stated to Dr. Reed Tuckson. “And on the other hand, I’m hearing that among the people in the Black community most suspicious of the vaccine are members of the young community. Which is it?”

“The population segment that’s most resistant are gonna be our young people. These are young people that have grown up with the greatest level of distrust, because of all the issues that they have faced in their life, particularly around the criminal justice and policing issues,” Tuckson stated. “So they are the ones that are the toughest right now to reach.”

Jim Mangia is president and CEO of St John’s Well Child and Family Center. Their neighborhood clinics, in South Los Angeles and Compton, see 100,000 sufferers a year, together with 35,000 undocumented immigrants.  

Jim Mangia, president and CEO of St John’s Well Child and Family Center, speaks with a employee.

CBS News

“LA Is really a tale of two cities. You have the extremely wealthy West Side, and then you have the extremely poor South Side and East Side,” Mangia informed Koppel.

St. John’s has been on the frontlines of the battle in opposition to COVID. Now they’re attempting to fight misinformation concerning the vaccine.

Sending out Spanish-speaking outreach employees into the Latino neighborhoods. They must reassure the undocumented: that they will not be handed over to immigration, and, much more necessary, that getting the vaccine will not kill them.

St. John’s is vaccinating 1,500 to 2,000 individuals a day; however Jim Mangia insists that is not almost sufficient.

“What would you say are the biggest hurdles in the way of getting the most underserved communities in California vaccinated?” Koppel requested.

“The lack of vaccine is a major issue,” Mangia stated. “The arduous website and appointment system that the state has set up is extremely difficult to navigate. And many of our patients who work all day, by the time they get home, all those appointments have been taken by folks from the West Side — White, young hipsters that can spend all day searching for vaccine.”

Preliminary authorities knowledge present a stark disparity amongst races getting the vaccines: greater than 60% of vaccinations have been going to White individuals, lower than 9% to Hispanics and fewer than 6% to Blacks.

“I don’t think we’re going to be successful unless we figure out a way to bring the vaccine to the people,” DeWitt stated. “We’re seeing 5,000 people a month come through our church to get food … If we can vaccinate during a food drive, if we enlist the faith-based community as partners in the vaccination process, I think that it would go a long way to making sure that people get the vaccine.”

“You have to vaccinate the most vulnerable first and that’s how you’re going to really get to herd immunity,” Mangia stated. “You have to vaccinate the most hesitant, the most vulnerable, and then you can really start to do mass vaccination and get us to a place where we can return to a normal life.”


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