A Michigan woman contracted COVID-19 and died final fall after she obtained a double-lung transplant from a donor who turned out to have the virus, based on a examine.
The incident stands out as the first confirmed case within the U.S. through which the coronavirus was transmitted by means of an organ transplant, researchers say in a report published by the American Journal of Transplantation.
“We would absolutely not have used the lungs if we’d had a positive COVID test,” Dr. Daniel Kaul, director of the Transplant Infectious Disease Service on the University of Michigan Medical School and one of many co-authors of the examine, told Kaiser Health News.
All the screening that we usually do and are capable of do, we did,” Kaul added.
The donor was a woman from the Upper Midwest who died after struggling from a extreme brain harm in a automotive accident.
The recipient had persistent obstructive lung illness and was operated on at University Hospital in Ann Arbor.
Nose and throat samples collected from the donor and the recipient had examined unfavorable for COVID-19.
However, three days after the surgical procedure, the woman developed a excessive fever, low blood strain, heavy respiration and a lung an infection, based on researchers.
Doctors determined to check for COVID-19 after the woman went into septic shock. Fluids taken from the lungs have been additionally examined and the outcomes have been optimistic.
“History obtained from [the donor’s] family revealed no history of travel or any recent fever, cough, headache, or diarrhea,” the examine says.
“It is unknown if the donor had any recent exposures to persons known or suspected to be infected with SARS-CoV-2.”
Four days after the operation, a surgeon who had dealt with the donor’s lungs additionally examined optimistic for the bug, however later recovered.
Meanwhile, the transplant recipient deteriorated rapidly. She died 61 days after the surgical procedure.
Kaul concluded that the Michigan case proves there must be extra in depth sampling of organs earlier than transplant surgical procedure, particularly in areas the place there are extra instances of COVID-19.