Harrowing letters written by children imprisoned in a Nazi concentration camp have been uncovered by researchers.
Historians from the Museum of Polish Children of Victims of Totalitarianism within the metropolis of Lodz, Poland, stumbled upon the eight letters whereas inspecting paperwork held in personal collections.
In one, a 12-year-old woman referred to as Halinka Cubrzyńska wrote on February 15, 1944: ‘My expensive dad and mom, if you may get me some leather-based boots and ship me, as a result of I’ve nothing to put on (…) I’m asking for some cleaning soap and a spoon too, as a result of I do not need something to eat.’
Harrowing letters written by children imprisoned in a Nazi concentration camp have been uncovered by researchers
Historians from the Museum of Polish Children of Victims of Totalitarianism within the metropolis of Lodz, Poland, stumbled upon the eight letters
Another from a 12-year-old boy referred to as Jas Spychala and dated October 16, 1944 says ‘My darling mummy, please bake me 20 pancakes. And onions and mustard.
He added: ‘I work as a saddle maker… You can ship me photographs however do not count on a reply for a month.’
Yet one other from a 13-year-old woman referred to as Gertruda Nowak and dated April 2, 1944, reads: ‘Jerzy got here from the hospital wholesome, now he has fallen ailing once more with pneumonia and water in his facet. I’m very frightened that it’ll worsen.’
Describing the finds as ‘priceless’ Dr Andrzej Janicki from the museum mentioned: ‘These letters are a particular, intimate type of contact with the experiences of those children’s actually tragic experiences.
‘Read actually, the letters from the youngest prisoners of the German camp might counsel the circumstances had been good.
Opened on December 11, 1942, the children’s concentration camp was established by Hitler’s SS within the metropolis of Lodz, Poland. Pictured: SS camp commandant Karl Ehrlich patrols within the camp
The Polish researchers discovered the eight letters whereas inspecting paperwork held in personal collections
‘The letters are stuffed with assurances that the children are doing effectively, that everybody is wholesome.
‘But between the strains a tragic image emerges. There is data right here that tells about the true scenario within the camp.
‘From a letter of one of many women we study that “they are all healthy”, however her brother “recently suffered from pneumonia and he has water in his side”.
‘Another woman asks for sneakers for herself and her sister.’
He added: ‘The content material of the letters written by the children to their dad and mom or speedy household doesn’t present the entire reality in regards to the circumstances of the camp – starvation, beatings, and illnesses.
At the second, the paperwork are being examined and are present process conservation and restoration
Opened on December 11, 1942, the children’s concentration camp was established by Hitler’s SS within the metropolis of Lodz
‘Each letter was censored and dictated by the guards. However, even what the children managed to explain is surprising.’
At the second, the paperwork are being examined and are present process conservation and restoration.
But one other fragment from one the partially broken letters reveals the despair and ache of the children.
One reads: ‘Today I’m leaving this camp for Folwark’, a Polish phrase for a slave labour farm.
The letter continues: ‘I’m sorry that I can’t be with you. (…) I miss a lot …’
Opened on December 11, 1942, the children’s concentration camp was established by Hitler’s SS within the metropolis of Lodz, Poland, on the orders of SS chief Heinrich Himler.
Black and white photographs present two baby prisoners at the camp, given numbers 360 and 335. Jerzy Nowak (left) was arrived after sixteenth birthday and died whereas at the camp. Elzbieta Konarska (proper) arrived in September 1943. Her destiny is unknown
Hidden contained in the Lodz Jewish ghetto, renamed Litzmannstadt by the Germans, it was the one camp to be established by the Nazis particularly for children in occupied Europe.
As many as 20,000 Polish children aged between two and 16 years outdated confronted untold horrors inside as they had been imprisoned within the camp’s horrendous circumstances the place they had been overwhelmed, tortured and starved.
The camp quickly grew to become generally known as ‘Little Auschwitz’ due to its excessive loss of life rate and the violence handed out by SS thugs in cost.
For breakfast children can be given only one slice of bread and half a litre of black espresso.
The children had been starved of lunch and given only a litre of turnip or potato soup with beet leaves or cabbage for dinner. They had been very often given a spoonful of marmalade.
Many of the children died of hunger and illness or from vicious beatings and floggings at the arms of SS guards.
As many as 20,000 Polish children aged between two and 16 years outdated confronted untold horrors contained in the camp
Many of the children died of hunger and illness whereas those that remained alive had been subjected to compelled labour comparable to saddle making
The camp’s filthy circumstances noticed a typhus epidemic in late 1942 and early 1943 which claimed the lives of many children.
Those who remained alive had been subjected to compelled labour morning to nighttime and dehumanising punishment by sadistic German guards.
Boys straightened needles and made straw sneakers, wicker baskets, gasoline masks belts and leather-based components of backpacks. Girls labored within the camp laundry, kitchen, tailor’s workshop and the backyard.
It is believed that as many as 300 children had been murdered or died throughout the camp partitions although the precise quantity is unknown.
Gertrud Weinhold (left) died on August 1 1944 after being positioned within the isolation block. Gertruda Nowak (proper) was 14 when she arrived at the camp. She survived however her dad and mom had been killed in Auschwitz
Vital paperwork had been destroyed by Germans earlier than fleeing the advancing Red Army on January 18, 1945.
When the Nazi occupation of Lodz ended, there have been over 800 underage prisoners within the camp.
Acting director of the Museum of Polish Children of Victims of Totalitarianism, Dr. Ireneusz Maj, mentioned the letters revealed extra truths in regards to the circumstances children needed to endure.
He mentioned: ‘This camp and the tragic historical past of small defenceless victims of German crimes had been forgotten for years.
‘Now we are discovering the reality in regards to the camp on Przemysłowa Street in Lodz.
‘We will reveal all of the information, we’ll present the entire reality in regards to the camp.’