It’s no secret that Gary Gensler desires to make life depressing for the individuals at Robinhood, the no-commission brokerage agency that has turn into a sensation among the many rising ranks of newbie day merchants.
Less recognized is what I’m listening to from the individuals at Robinhood: They are planning to make life fairly depressing for Gensler.
Of course, it’s by no means a wise factor to choose a struggle with your chief regulator; that’s why most Wall Street corporations merely settle. Gensler, as SEC chairman, can order up any variety of investigations and examinations into Robinhood’s generally controversial business practices, that are designed to make stock buying and selling enjoyable.
But Robinhood isn’t choosing the struggle. Plus the individuals there know what Gensler has proposed just lately — a doable banning of one thing generally known as Payment for Order Flow, or PFOF — has existential ramifications for the brokerage agency. The agency makes most of its money by way of the follow. Its stock tanked final week on Gensler’s feedback to the monetary publication Barron’s a couple of doable ban.
That’s adequate cause for the company to attract up plans for a pointy counter assault if Gensler pushes the PFOF ban button. Another cause is absolutely the idiocy of Gensler’s concentrating on of PFOF and Robinhood itself.
Robinhood wants regulating like every part else on Wall Street, however we’re much better with it than with out it. Investors can commerce free; they’ll purchase even fractional shares of stock. Yes, the agency has pushed the envelope with gimmicks (free shares of penny shares) however gimmicks are part of Wall Street. Moreover, why plow your money into some fee-based change traded fund hawked by Larry Fink’s Blackrock when you should purchase your individual?
And Robinhood wouldn’t exist with out PFOF, which permits common individuals to commerce at a reduction, or in Robinhood’s case, no payment. Discount brokers make money promoting their prospects’ buy-and-sell orders to different Wall Street corporations, so-called market makers like Citadel Securities and Virtu Financial that match the trades skimming fractions of a penny between the bid-and-ask spreads of the stock.
This is the place Gensler does his greatest Oliver Stone-conspiracy theorist impersonation in regards to the follow and Robinhood itself. By having all this order move, and all their computerized know-how, Citadel and Virtu have an unfair info benefit for their very own buying and selling, he suggests.
In directing these trades to Citadel and Virtu, Robinhood is incentivized to miss any scammy stuff due to the charges it receives. The corporations can cover all this allegedly nefarious buying and selling exercise in numerous “dark pools” or personal markets that exist throughout Wall Street.
Or so Gensler claims. Yet he gives no proof of PFOF fraud. He hasn’t proven proof that market makers are persistently dishonest prospects of the low cost brokers by not giving them the very best worth of their “dark pools” as they’re legally obligated to do. He desires these trades to be routed to conventional exchanges, however he additionally gives no proof that sending all order move to the NYSE or Nasdaq can be higher for the patron. And he doesn’t say why we have to blow up a system that enables common individuals to commerce without spending a dime.
He then elides over years of market reforms. Years in the past, regulators didn’t need all that buying and selling order move to go to the Nasdaq or the NYSE due to numerous scandals and since competitors in market making results in decrease prices for particular person merchants.
Maybe most absurd about Gensler’s bluster on this difficulty is that this former Goldman Sachs banker and MIT finance professor is now channeling the conspiracy principle circulating amongst these annoying meme stock buyers who run round Internet — blaming darkish swimming pools and Citadel for any unfavorable print on meme shares like AMC Entertainment, the money-losing theater chain.
This ball of stupidity is why Robinhood is able to struggle again and struggle again onerous — first by lobbying Congress (it already managed to water down a invoice popping out of the House Financial Services Committee that sought the same PFOF ban). Look for Robinhood’s lobbyists to show to GOP members in Congress to grill Gensler with hearings (notably if the GOP takes Congress) on PFOF in addition to his numerous woke-regulatory follies that don’t have anything to do with shareholder safety.
Gensler may even doubtless discover himself in court docket. Robinhood or any variety of low cost brokerages are speaking about suing the SEC and Gensler earlier than the DC Circuit that has shot down SEC overreach prior to now.
Again, I can’t bear in mind a brokerage agency attempting to go to struggle with Wall Street’s high cops. But if it doesn’t struggle again, Robinhood is trying into the abyss, and that’s why this struggle could get ugly.